Mustang Trekking

Mustang Trekking - Nepal

Mustang Trekking

Mustang Trekking is a superlative trekking holiday walking in the kingdom of Mustang in the Nepal Himalayas. North of the Annapurna region in the Nepal Himalaya, the ancient and mysterious 'Kingdom of Lo' (the proper title for Mustang) is geographically and culturally a part of Tibet. Off-limits as a trekking holiday destination until a decade ago, this isolated kingdom of Mustang prospered in the 15th Century, when its strategic location enabled it to dominate the salt trade between Tibet and Nepal. The excellent drover's trail which cuts through Mustang, together with a number of impressive wayside inns, are a legacy of this trade and now make for ideal trekking territory too. After a flight to Jomsom on the upper Kali Gandaki River between Annapurna and Dhaulagiri, our trekking holiday to Mustang allows us to explore a weird and wonderful landscape of eroded conglomerate cliffs, colored by natural earth pigments - reds, yellows, browns and blues. we will also be walking through a succession of picturesque white painted Mustang villages and Tibetan monasteries, set against a backdrop of the distant snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas. We have a day to explore our ultimate destination, Lo Manthang, a fairy-tale walled city and the capital of Mustang which is quite unlike anything else in Nepal. This enlightening trekking adventure to Mustang in Nepal will surely appeal to those looking to explore a very special part of the Himalaya.

Trip Details

  • Itinerary
  • Trip Info
  • Weather
  • Equipments
  • Useful Info

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu [1,338m] Transfer to the Hotel. (Car).
Day 02: Sightseeing tour of Swayambhunath, Kathmandu durbar Square, Pashupatinath and Boudhanath. "B". (06-07 Hours).
Day 03: Drive to Pokhara [970 m]. "B". (06-07 Hours drive).
Day 04: Pokhara - Fly to Jomsom Trek to Kagbeni [2,810m]. "B,L,D". Trek (25 m flight and 03-04 Hrs Trek).
Day 05: Trek to Chele [3,030 m]. "B,L,D". Trek (06-07 Hrs).
Day 06: Trek to Gelling [3,570 m]. "B,L,D". Trek (06-07 Hrs).
Day 07: Trek to Charang [3,560m]. "B,L,D". Trek (05-06 Hrs).
Day 08: Trek to Lo-Manthang [3,800 m]. "B,L,D". Trek (04-05 Hrs).
Day 09: In Lo-Manthang [3,800 m]. "B,L,D". Trek .
Day 10: Trek to Ghami [3,490 m]. "B,L,D". Trek (06-07 Hrs).
Day 11: Trek to Samar [3,150 m]. "B,L,D". Trek (05-06 Hrs).
Day 12: Trek to Kagbeni [2,810m]. "B,L,D". Trek (05-06 Hrs).
Day 13: Trek to Muktinath [3,802m]. "B,L,D". Trek (05-06 Hrs).
Day 14: Trek to Jomsom [2720m]. "B,L,D". Trek (05-06 Hrs).
Day 15: Fly To Pokhara [930 m]. "B". Flight 20m. +Car.
Day 16: Fly Back To Kathmandu [1,338m]. "B". (Car+Flight 25m.+Car).
Day 17: Free day in kathmandu [1,338m]. "B".
Day 18: Trip ends! Fly back home, taking with you the memory of a life time. "B". (Car).

Trip Cost Includes:

* Arrival & Departure Transfers by private (Non A/C Car) on both domestic / international flights.
* Accommodation in Kathmandu and Pokhara as mentioned with breakfast.
* Sightseeing tour in Kathmandu with an entrance fee.
* Trekking Duffle Bag.
* Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner during the Trekking.
* Accommodation in Tea house (mountain lodge) while trekking.
* Kathmandu - Pokhara by car/Van/Heice/Coster/Bus. (Non A/C).
* Pokhara-Jomsom-Pokhara flight with airport Tax.
* Pokhara -Kathmandu flights with airport Tax.
* Trekking Porter with Insurance. (We Provide 01 Porter for 02 Pax).
* Trekking Guide with insurance.
* Mustang Trekking Region map.
* TIMS / National park / ACAP / Conservation entry fees.
* Special Permit for Mustang.
* Government taxes.
* Office services charge.

Trip Cost Excludes:

* International Airfare.
* Your travel insurance of any kind
* Nepal entry Visa fee (US$ 40 for 30 days and US$ 25 for 15 days you should get visa open your arrival)
* Drinks, Dessert, Juice, Mineral Water, Heater charge, Hot Shower during the Trekking and main meals in cities.
* Tips for Guide, Porter and driver.

We offer trekking in Nepal from mid-September to May. However within this period there are clear seasons in the weather. From early September the monsoon rains decrease. By mid-October through to December the weather is usually stable with mild to warm days, cold nights and clear views. Daytime temperatures can reach 25-30 deg C at low altitude in October and nights can drop to below 0 deg C at higher altitudes.

Winter trekking, from December to February, offers cool to mild and clear days with often very cold nights. Daytime temperatures at low altitudes will be mild, around 20 deg C and at night may drop to 0 or as low as -10 deg C at the higher points. Occasionally winter storms can bring snow as low as 2500m.

In March the cold, dry winter season begins to give way to warmer, wetter spring conditions. Mornings are usually clear with cloud build-up occasionally bringing afternoon rainstorms. Daytime temperatures increase quickly in March, with temperatures of up to 30 deg C and mild nights at low altitudes. The increase in rainfall in the hills is more than compensated for by the spectacular displays of rhododendrons and other wildflowers at this time of year. Late spring conditions, as in April and May, are generally hot at low elevations and as the clouds build up to the next monsoon, daily afternoon rainstorms are common. This is a period that generally has clear weather at the higher altitudes and is traditionally a time when mountaineering expeditions commence their ascents.

The monsoon creates a rainy season in Nepal, which lasts from mid-June to mid-September. During this time the Nepal Himalaya is unsuitable for trekking, with the exception of a few remote valleys. We offer treks during this period in Low altitude Treks in the Nepal Himalaya, Tibet & India (Kulu, Ladakh).

The post-monsoon period: From early September the monsoon rain starts to decrease. By mid-October through to mid-December the weather is usually stable with mild to warm days, cold nights and clear views. Daytime temperatures can reach 25-30 degrees Celsius at lower altitudes and decrease as you gain height. Over 3000 meters the daytime temperatures can vary as much as 10 to 20 degrees Celsius, and may be hotter or colder, depending on whether it is sunny or windy etc. At night at lower altitudes, temperatures do not normally drop much, although as you approach November it does get colder and the days shorter. Up high it can drop sharply at night, from 0 to minus 10 or 15 and more when camped on the ice or snow.

The pre-monsoon period:In March the cold, dry winter season begins to give way to warmer, wetter spring conditions. Mornings are usually clear with cloud build-up bringing occasional afternoon rainstorms. Views of the mountains in the middle of the day and afternoon may often be obscured. Daytime temperatures increase quickly in March with temperatures of up to 30 degrees Celsius and mild nights. At higher altitudes it is similar to the conditions of the post-monsoon period, however there is usually more snow, which has accumulated over the winter period. There are spectacular displays of rhododendrons and wildflowers at this time of year. Late spring conditions ie April and May, are generally hot at low elevations and as the clouds build up to the next monsoon, daily afternoon rainstorms are common.

List of Clothing Equipments & Personal Effects

Footwear

Water-resistant hiking boots (should be reasonably broken in)

  • Asolo Mens TPS 520 GV Hiking Chestnut Man-Made Boot
  • Asolo Women’s TPS 520 GV Hiking Chestnut Man-MadeBoot

2-4 pairs of Woolen socks

  • SMARTWOOL Expedition Trekking Socks

2-4 pairs of thin Liner socks

  • Smartwool Hiking Liner Crew Sock

Gaiters (optional but helpful for descent)

  • Outdoor Research Rocky Mountain Low Gaiters

Comfortable shoes/sandals – for wearing in the evenings around camp


Clothing

2 pairs of Thermal Base Layer – Wool is the best as you can wear for weekswithout washing

  • Men’s: Minus33 Bottoms and Minus33 Top
  • Woman’s: Minus33 Bottoms and Minus33 Expedition Top

Balaclava

  • Minus33 100% Merino Wool Base Layer 740 Expedition Balaclava Black One Size

2-3 pairs of Hiking Pants (No Jeans)

  • Men’s: Mammut Bask Pants
  • Woman’s: Mammut Women’s Nimba Pants

1-2 pairs of Shorts

  • Mne’s: The North Face Paramount Cargo Short
  • Woman’s: The North Face Women’s Paramount Raven Shorts

Down Jacket for higher altitudes

  • Men’s: Marmot Men’s Zeus Jacket
  • Woman’: Marmot Womens Ama Dablam Jacket

Waterproof Outer Layer Jacket (Goretex or other breathable fabric)

  • Men’s: Marmot Men’s Spire Jacket
  • Woman’s: Marmot Women’s Spire Jacket

Waterproof over Pants

  • Men’s: Marmot Men’s Precip Full Zip
  • Woman’s: Marmot Women’s Precip Full Zip Pant

T-shirts/Underwear (Breathable, lightweight, odor resistant andlong-wearing)

  • Men’s: ExOfficio Men’s Give-N-Go Tee and ExOfficio Men’s Give-N-Go Boxer Brief
  • Woman’s: Exofficio Go-to Women’s Sleeveless Tank and ExOfficio Women’s Give-N-Go Full Cut Brief

Thin Fleece Jacket/Top

  • Men’s: Marmot Men’s Front Range Jacket
  • Woman’s: Marmot Women’s Power Stretch Half Zip

Heavy gloves

  • Marmot Men’s U-notch Glove or Marmot Big Mountain Mitt

Winter hat (anything warm)

Climbing Equipment

Cold weather sleeping bag (at least sub-zerocelsius)

  • Marmot Lithium MemBrain Down Sleeping Bag

Sleeping pad

  • Therm-a-Rest Trail Pro Mattress

Daypack that can carry extra layers/lunch (roughly 750to 1500 cubic inches)

  • Recommended to get a daypack with water storage like the Camelbak Products Ante Hydration Packs

Larger pack for all of your clothing, etc. to becarried by one of your porters

  • Deuter ACT Lite 65+10 Backpack

Walking stick/ski pole (optional but handy for thedescent)

  • Black Diamond Trail Back Trek Poles

Headlamp (with extra set of batteries)

  • Black Diamond Equipment Storm Headlamp

Water bottles (Nalgene®) and/or aCamelbak®)

  • NALGENE Tritan 1-Pint Narrow Mouth BPA-Free WaterBottle

Physically prepare yourself

It is important that your body is adequately prepared for the physical challenges of trekking. It is thus important that you assess your own condition and train accordingly. In general, the fitter you are, the easier it will be for you to handle the rigors of the trek. A well-rounded training program would include strength training, aerobic cross training, and hiking (ideally at high altitude but not necessary).

Mentally prepare yourself

Mental preparation is often overlooked. You should always keep a positive state of mind, but not ignore the signals your body sends you. Your mental stamina will, without a doubt, make the most difficult parts of the trekachievable.

We will keep the packing list update asnew equipment becomes available. If you have reviews orsuggestions please send us an email.

Trekking in Nepal need not be considered risky affair as far as your health is concerned. Nevertheless, preventive measures such as a through medical checkup and inoculations before you start trekking can save you from unexpected hazards. Since the remote places of Nepal are not supplied with necessities that are essential for modern medical facilities and as the rescue and evacuation are measured in days, it is imperative to make a comprehensive first aid box consisting of basic drugs and accessories as part of the paraphernalia for trekking. Modern dentistry is unknown in the hill of Nepal so it is advised to have a checkup before departure from home. Tooth fillings; sometimes loosen in cold temperatures and high altitudes, so it is recommended to have them checked. Travelers are requested to bring medicine prescribed by their doctor at home. Common medicine for stomach problems, headache, and malaria is available in Kathmandu. Medicine is usually not available in remote areas. So necessary medicine is advisable to carry with you. Before going to Nepal, it is advised to get injections against typhoid, meningitis and hepatitis.

OVERCOMING ALTITUDE PROBLEM:
This is often known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), which is particularly a matter of important medical consideration while trekking in the Himalayas. Altitude Sickness means the effect of altitude on those who ascend too rapidly to elevations above 3000 meters. Early mountain sickness will manifest itself in headache, nausea, shortness of breath, fatigue; etc can be encountered as initials of the sickness. The major information source on prevention and treatment of the sickness is Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) and Adventure Treks Nepal (P). Ltd. is the confide life member of it. We assure every trekker that all our guides have followed the training conducted by HRA with the understated information.

CAUSE/FACTOR OF ALTITUDE SICKNESS
1. Less Oxygen
2. Low Pressure i.e. Barometric Pressure
3. Rapid Ascent
4. Possible Dehydration
5. Hypothermia TYPE OF ALTITUDE SICKNESS

  TYPES ALTITUDE SICKNESS
1. AMS - Acute Mountain Sickness
2. HAPE - High Altitude Pulmonary Edema
3. Hace - High Altitude Cerebral Edema

SYMPTOMS
1. (AMS) ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS
Mild symptom feels like hangover/not feeling good
a. Headache
b. Fatigue/Tiredness
c. Nausea
d. Shortness of breath
e. Loss of appetite
f. Sleep disturbance
g. Dizziness

2. (HAPE) HIGH ALTITUDE PULMONARY EDEMA (Water in lungs)
a. Increasing shortness of breath even at rest
b. Severe cough-dry/Productive
c. Very tired-Unusual fatigue while walking
d. High Pulse rate i.e. 110
e. Blueness of face, lips, finger nails that means inability to transport Oxygen into the blood

3. (HACE) HIGH ALTITUDE CEREBRAL EDEMA (Water in the head)
Severe symptoms of altitude sickness
a. Severe Headache
b. Vomiting
c. Walking like a drunk (Ataxia)
d. Mental confusion/Altered mental status
e. Irritable-Does not want to be bothered by other people
f. Unconsciousness or Coma
TEST - Tandem walking test, Heel to toe step fall off from the line.

DECISION MAKING
1. Find out the main problem i.e. at altitude. Assume all problems are Altitude Sickness unless proven otherwise.
2. If it is an altitude problem with mild symptoms, stay at the same altitude until the symptoms are completely gone. Take an Aspirin tablet, try to go up but listen to your body. If symptoms are worsening, go down.

PREVENTION
1. Acclimatization: - After a 1000m. Ascent, stay one more night for acclimatization.
2. Do not make RAPID ASCENT; don't go too fast too high.
3. No alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
4. Drink more fluid 3-4ltrs a day… clean, boiled or treated water/tea/coffee/soup/juice etc.
5. Do not carry heavy packs, 10 - 12 Kilograms is ok.
6. Climb higher sleep lower.
7. Over 3000m, 300m. Ascent a day.
8. Do not travel alone.

TREATMENT
1. DESCENT is the best medicine; do not wait for the Helicopter.
2. Medicine:
a. Oxygen.
b. Diamox…for AMS 125mg. Before dinner, for sleeping problem if feeling suffocated.
c. Nafedipine for HAPE
d. Steroids/Dexamethasone for HACE
3. Hyperbolic Bag - Gammow Bag
4. Golden Rules
a. Awareness of ALTITUDE SICKNESS
b. If you have mild symptoms, do not go higher. Take Aspirin.
c. If you have worsening symptoms, go down.
d. Do not leave your team member behind unattended, either trekker or porter.
5. IMPORTANT
a. Go up slowly.
b. Drink plenty of fluids (at least 3 liters per day)
c. Get all information about Altitude Sickness before your trekking tour that will make you confident to make your tour successful.

Our advice: Drink 3-4ltr of water minimum a day, don't exhaust yourself so much and breathe deep and take rest more than usual.

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